Description: Medium-sized deciduous tree with a short trunk and wide crown. Smooth light grey bark is diagnostic. Simple leaves alternate on twigs and branches. Leaf is an elongated oval shape with distinctive straight veins terminating in a marginal tooth. Leathery to the touch. Smaller understorey specimens often retain leaves which dry to a caramel brown and are distinctive in winter. Fruit are nuts which are eaten by birds and mammals.
Habitat: Undisturbed forest, usually found in association with Sugar Maple, Yellow Birch and Eastern Hemlock.
Height: 35 m
Leaf length: 5-10 cm
Scientific name: Fagus grandifolia